Technological Change and Sustainable Development: The Case of Plastic Products Producers in Ghana
This paper explores the importance of technological change on measures relating to ecologically benign society. The purpose is to find what conditions technological innovation can foster and promote sustainable development. It considers forms of technological innovations that
are potentially conducive to sustainable development, end-of-pipe technologies and clean technologies. This piece argues that significant technological changes are brought about by industries’ desire to obey environmental laws and their desires to reduce cost of production.
The paper examines how agents like governments, consumers, businesses and the technology designers can influence the technological change. It explains that to some extent these actors can use technologies that are environmentally sound. The paper emphasizes theoretical research with some empirical explorations. The work sampled forty-five (45) out of 90 Plastic Products Producers (PPP) in Ghana using simple random sampling. The findings indicate that most companies concentrated on end-of-pipe technologies. The alternative to end-of-pipe technology is to adopt new ‘clean’ technologies that alter production process, inputs to the process and products themselves so that they are more environmentally benign. Also, it was found that the impact of the operations of these companies on the environment is moderately high. he paper recommended that Government should encourage the development and implementation of clean technologies by helping with finance; and industries should make efforts to adopt clean-technologies.