Can Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue Influence the Incidence of Illegal Forest Operations? Lesson from a Case Study in Ghana.
Chainsaw milling was barred in Ghana in 1998 owing to its challenging ramificationson the sustenance of the country’s forests. Notwithstanding, chainsaw operationsserve as the mainstay in most forest-fringe households. The Multi-stakeholderDialogue intervention was introduced to engage grassroots of diverse backgroundsin developing alternative livelihood options. The study investigated the impactof this intervention in the Juaso Forest District. To achieve this objective, mixed research methods involving a simple random, purposiveand snowball samplingtechniques were deployed in selecting 30 respondentseach from non-member
and member of Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue communities.Questionnaires were administered and responses coded and analysed with the Predictive Analytical Software (16.0).The result indicated that majority (67%) of the respondents considered illegaloperations to have
plummeted after the Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue intervention.The qualitative study reveals that the perceived reduction in illegal operations,attributed to the Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue, was a result of; introduction ofalternative livelihood options (63.3%), fear of being arrested (63.3%), extensivemonitoring of the forest (55.0%), and education on the implications of impacts ofhuman activities on the forest (30.0%). Respondents’ perception of the impact of the Multi- Stakeholder Dialogue depended on their membership status. This wassignificant (n=60; X2= 20.000; p= 0.000). The study recommended that, the Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue be replicated in other forest districts countrywide. Also, anobjective approach should be used in a similar study to validate its findings as thisis based on the subjective analysis of the perceptions of respondents.