The 3rd International Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology (ICAST 2016) was organized with a view to bringing onto a single platform researchers from, particularly, academia, research institutions, industry, civil society groups, and policy makers in Ghana, but also from across the globe to engage in
discussions and share ideas and insights on their research findings. It was also intended to foster collaboration among these groups on subjects that boarder on innovation and technology for national development.

In keeping with the theme of the Conference, namely, “Overcoming Global Challenges through the Application of Science and Technology”, the following thematic areas were covered:
i. Agriculture and Food Science
ii. Business Management and Administration
iii. Creative and Applied Arts
iv. Economics and Statistics
v. Engineering
vi. Health and Natural sciences
vii. Housing and Waste management
viii. Socio-Cultural Studies

This proceedings documents all the papers presented at the Conference. In line with the policy set out for the Conference, all the 27 papers featured in the proceedings were peer reviewed and actually presented at the Conference.

The publication of the proceedings is meant to serve as a permanent record of the papers presented at the Conference, and also as a reference source of materials for researchers and others seeking expert knowledge in the areas covered under the Conference. It is therefore anticipated that readers of these proceedings will find the numerous articles documented herein very valuable sources of rich materials
for their work.